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Thread: Lethal Injection

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    Guest DADOCTOR's Avatar
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    Default Lethal Injection



    Procedure
    : State statutes typically provide: "The punishment of death must be inflicted by continuous, intravenous administration of a lethal quantity of an ultrashort-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent until death is pronounced by a licensed physician according to accepted standards of medical practice."


    The execution protocol for most jurisdictions authorizes the use of a combination of three drugs. The first, sodium thiopental or sodium pentothal, is a barbiturate that renders the prisoner unconscious. The second, pancuronium bromide, is a muscle relaxant that paralyzes the diaphragm and lungs. The third, potassium chloride, causes cardiac arrest. Each chemical is lethal in the amounts administered.


    The inmate is escorted into the execution chamber and is strapped onto a gurney with ankle and wrist restraints. The inmate is connected to a cardiac monitor which is connected to a printer outside the execution chamber. An IV is started in two usable veins, one in each arm, and a flow of normal saline solution is administered at a slow rate. One line is held in reserve in case of a blockage or malfunction in the other. At the warden’s signal, 5.0 grams of sodium pentothal (in 20 cc of diluent) is administered, then the line is flushed with sterile normal saline solution. This is followed by 50 cc of pancuronium bromide, a saline flush, and finally, 50 cc of potassium chloride. (See California Execution Procedures).




    The most common problem encountered is collapsing veins and the inability to properly insert the IV. Some states allow for a Thorazine or sedative injection to facilitate IV insertion.




    History: Lethal injection had first been proposed as a means of execution in 1888 when New York considered it, but ultimately opted for electrocution. In 1977, Oklahoma became the first state to adopt lethal injection. Texas performed the first execution by lethal injection in 1982 with the execution of Charlie Brooks.





    Current Application: 16 states and the federal government authorize lethal injection as the sole method of execution. 20 other states provide for lethal injection as the primary method of execution, but provide alternative methods depending upon the choice of the inmate, the date of the execution or sentence, or the possibility of the method being held unconstitutional. As of April 1, 2008, 929 (85%) of 1,099 executions performed since 1976 have been by lethal injection, including 443 of the last 448 executions.

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  2. #2
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    Default New leathal injection drug - Pentobarbital

    Capital punishment

    Pentobarbital has been approved for use in executions in the U.S. states of Oklahoma and Texas.

    On December 16, 2010, John David Duty of Oklahoma became the first American to be executed by pentobarbital among other drugs.

    On March 10, 2011, also in Ohio, convicted murderer Johnnie Baston became the first person in the United States executed with the single-dose drug pentobarbital.

    On March 16, 2011 Michelle Lyons, spokeswoman for the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, said the new drug will be used for the first time in the nation’s busiest execution chamber in the scheduled April 5 execution of convicted murderer Cleve Foster.

    Foster's execution was later blocked by the U.S. Supreme Court; instead, convicted murderer Cary Kerr became the first Texas inmate executed with the drug. The U.S. offices of the Danish manufacturer of Pentobarbital, Lundbeck, Inc., has expressed displeasure at this use of their product.

    Pentobarbital - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


    Pentobarbital is in a group of drugs called barbiturates (bar-BIT-chur-ates).



    Pentobarbital slows the activity of your brain and nervous system.

    Pentobarbital is used short-term to treat insomnia.

    Pentobarbital is also used as an emergency treatment for seizures, and to cause you to fall asleep for surgery.

    Pentobarbital may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.


    What is the most important information I should know about pentobarbital?

    You should not use this medication if you are allergic to pentobarbital, or if you have porphyria (a genetic enzyme disorder that causes symptoms affecting the skin or nervous system). Before using pentobarbital, tell your doctor if you have liver or kidney disease, chronic pain, severe or uncontrolled asthma or COPD, a history of mental illness or suicide attempt, or a history of addiction to drugs or alcohol.

    Pentobarbital may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. Pentobarbital should never be shared with another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it. Pentobarbital can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.

    Avoid drinking alcohol. Alcohol can also add to sleepiness caused by pentobarbital. Pentobarbital can make birth control pills less effective. Ask your doctor about using a non-hormone method of birth control (such as a condom, diaphragm, spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while using pentobarbital.

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  3. #3
    Junior Member BergerM's Avatar
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    Default Re: New leathal injection drug - Pentobarbital

    I think lethal injection is the best option when it comes to death penalty. Chair is too cruel imho.

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